ASEMS Part 3 - Assurance

The primary objective of undertaking audits is to provide assurance to the Chief of Defence Materiel and the DE&S Safety Board, that Acquisition Safety and Environmental Management specifically within DE&S complies with MOD Policy and relevant legislation.

The proscriptive use of this guidance is not mandatory, as long as the PT demonstrates a case for suitable alternative methodologies  which achieve the desired objectives and deliverables as defined in the procedure. Therefore, when following the system procedures, four options exist to demonstrate conformance:

  1. Use the recommended guidance and tools contained within the procedure, including allowed variations and options, and document the outcomes.
  2. Use an equivalent process and tool-set generated elsewhere – document evidence of procedural equivalence along with the outcomes.
  3. Use a bespoke process and tool-set for the project – document how the bespoke procedure achieves the system/procedure objectives along with the outcomes.
  4. Where it is possible to omit a procedure, or part of a procedure, the basis for the decision must be documented (in the Safety or Environmental  Case) before progressing to the next applicable step or procedure.

Sections

1. Introduction

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2. System Audit (Audit Management and Initiation)

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3. System Audit (Audit Planning)

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4. System Audit (Conduct)

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5. System Audit (Reporting and Follow-Up)

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6. ASEMS Audit Question Set Overview

The assurance question sets have been created as a means of assuring the requirements described in the ASEMS Part 1 Clauses and their equivalent HS&EP Elements within DSA01.1

Policy Clause Auditing Question Sets

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1. General Clauses

These clauses represent those overarching general requirements that shall be used in all instances. If the clause is self-explanatory, there may not be explicit Instructions in ASEMS - Part 2 Instructions, Guidance and Support to support them but where these are provided, the Instructions and Guidance will provide a best practice method for compliance.

1.1

Conform to Secretary of State for Defence’s Policy

Those holding safety and environmental protection delegations shall ensure that in the procuring or supporting Products, Systems or Services, they conform to the Secretary of State’s Health, Safety and Environmental Protection Policy Statement.

1.2

Instructions

The instructions defined in ASEMS - Part 2 Instructions, Guidance and Support shall be used to manage safety and environmental impact within DE&S.

1.3

Duty Holders

Duty Holders shall be appointed and Letters of Delegation issued in accordance with the DE&S Chief Executive Officer’s Organisation and Arrangements.

1.4

Interfaces

Interfaces between organisations shall be identified so that risks across them can be appropriately managed and effectively communicated.

1.5

Data and Record Format

Data shall be maintained in a format which satisfies the reporting requirements of senior management within DE&S. Auditable records shall be made and kept under review in accordance with relevant legislation.

1.6

Significant Occurrences and Fault Reporting

All Project Teams shall record and report significant Product, System or Service faults, accidents, incidents and near misses to the DE&S Safety Committee through the Quality, Safety and Environmental Protection Team.

1.7

Learning From Experience

Operating Centres, Project Teams or equivalents shall ensure accidents and incidents are investigated to identify opportunities to reduce the likelihood and impact of reccurrence. Lessons learned shall be shared amongst all relevant stakeholders to maximise benefit.

1.8

Training

DE&S sponsored courses for system safety and environmental protection shall be the recognised route for achieving suitable and sufficient competence throughout DE&S.

2. Management Responsibilities

Management responsibilities for safety and environmental protection permeate through every Clause, and are the heart of any successful safety and environmental management system; however these Clauses confer specific requirements upon management and make compliance easier to measure.

2.1

Organisation and Arrangements

Operating Centre Directors or equivalent shall document their Organisation and Arrangements that shall communicate their commitment to Secretary of State for Defence’s policy statement, continual improvement, positive safety and environmental culture, to minimise adverse effects on the environment, and comply with legal and other appropriate requirements.

2.2

Communication

Operating Centres, Project Teams or equivalents shall ensure that communication procedures are implemented that provide an effective flow of safety and environmental protection information upwards, downwards and across their organisation.

2.3

Organisational Change Management

Operating Centre Directors or equivalent shall identify any increased safety risk associated with organisational change and manage it appropriately.

3. Safety and Environmental Management System

These Clauses place specific requirements upon organisations and individuals and represent the minimum requirements for a safety and environmental management system. They include the requirement to plan for safety and environmental protection, to enact that plan, check that the plan is working and to make changes where necessary to improve the system.

3.1

Safety and Environmental Management System

Operating Centres, Project Teams or equivalents shall operate in compliance with established Safety and Environmental Management Systems.

3.2

Safety and Environmental Management Plan

Operating Centres or equivalent shall ensure that all Products, Systems or Services have a suitable and sufficient through life safety and environmental management plan.

3.3

Stakeholder Agreements

Agreements between Stakeholders shall define and document system safety and environmental protection responsibilities.

3.4

Availability of Resources

Operating Centres, Project Teams or equivalents shall ensure the availability of resources necessary to establish, implement and maintain the safety and environmental management system and detail these in a through life safety and environmental management plan.

3.5

Core Element Documentation

Operating Centres, Project Teams or equivalents shall establish, maintain and retain suitable and sufficient information that describes the core elements of the safety and environmental management system(s), their interaction and any related documentation.

3.6

Accountability

Within Operating Centres, Project Teams or their equivalents, named individuals shall be appointed who shall have defined roles, responsibilities, accountabilities and authority for ensuring safety and environmental management systems are established, implemented and maintained in accordance with the requirements of ASEMS.

3.7

Monitoring

Operating Centres, Project Teams or equivalents shall establish, implement and maintain a suitable and sufficient procedure to monitor and measure safety and environmental performance of their safety and environmental management system on a regular basis.

3.8

Audit Frequency

Compliance with the documented safety and environmental management system shall be verified via audit at planned intervals according to a published schedule, and as required.

3.9

Internal Audit

At planned intervals commensurate with the risk: i) Operating Centres shall audit their Project Teams' or equivalents' safety and environmental management systems. ii) Project Teams or equivalents shall audit the safety and environmental management systems of their projects. iii) The DE&S Quality, Safety and Environmental Protection Team shall audit the safety and environmental management systems of Operating Centres and Project Teams.

3.10

Review

Operating Centres, Project Teams or equivalents shall review their safety and environmental management systems, at planned intervals commensurate with the risk, to ensure their continuing suitability, adequacy and effectiveness.

4. Safety and Environmental Cases/Assessments

These Clauses contain the requirements that each safety and environmental case/assessment shall contain. Defence Regulators may require further, additional, requirements to what is contained in these clauses. Adherence to these Clauses will ensure safety and environmental cases/assessments contain the minimum evidence necessary to support safety and environmental arguments that Products, Systems and Services are safe to use.

4.1

Safety Cases

Project Teams or equivalents shall establish and maintain through-life safety cases that provide a compelling, comprehensible and valid argument that a Product, System or Service is safe for a given application in a given operating environment.

4.2

Environmental Cases

Project Teams or equivalents shall establish and maintain through-life environmental cases that provide a compelling, comprehensible and valid argument that the environmental impact of a Product, System or Service is reduced or minimised as far as is reasonably practicable.

4.3

Identification of Legislation and other Requirements

Operating Centres or equivalent shall establish and maintain a procedure for identifying and accessing the relevant safety and environmental legislative and other requirements that are applicable to their projects.

4.4

Compliance with Legislation and other Requirements

Project Teams or equivalents shall establish, and demonstrate compliance with, relevant legislation and other requirements.

4.5

Environmental Impact Identification

Operating Centres, Project Teams or equivalent shall establish, implement and maintain a procedure for the on-going proactive identification of environmental impacts.

4.6

Safety Hazard Identification

Operating Centres, Project Teams or equivalent shall establish, implement and maintain a procedure for the on-going proactive identification of safety hazards.

4.7

Safety and Environmental Objectives and Targets

Operating Centres, Project Teams or equivalents shall establish and maintain relevant safety and environmental objectives with a resourced programme to achieve targets.

4.8

Accident and Incident Records

Operating Centres, Project Teams or equivalent shall monitor and record incidents where the performance of their Product, Systems or Services either caused or had the potential to cause harm to individuals or damage to the environment and use this information to keep their risk assessments valid.

4.9

Assessment Approval

Project Team Leaders or equivalent shall personally approve safety and environmental case reports to confirm their acceptance with the progress of the safety case/assessment and of the risks associated with the project.

4.10

Independent Assurance

The Project Team Leader or equivalent shall ensure independent review of the Safety and Environmental Management System as appropriate and commensurate to the risk.

5. Risk Management

Risk Management is an essential function of safety and environmental protection and these Clauses reflect that importance. They set both general safety and environmental protection standards and specific DE&S requirements that support the need for assurance and performance monitoring to the Defence Board. The requirement to refer risks through Line management is included here.

5.1

Risk and Impact Assessment

All foreseeable Safety Risks and Environmental impacts shall be identified, assessed, prioritised and managed.

5.2

Change Management

Operating Centres, Project Teams or equivalents are to ensure that all new or increased safety risks arising from changes to Products, Systems or Services or to their operating environment are managed appropriately

5.3

Hierarchy of Controls

Operating Centres, Project Teams or equivalent shall adopt a recognised hierarchical approach for achieving a reduction in safety risk and environmental impact.

5.4

Consultation

Operating Centres, Project Teams or equivalent shall ensure that all stakeholders are identified and consulted so that their views and responsibilities are considered when managing safety and environmental risks.

5.5

Safety Risk

Products, Systems or Services shall not have safety risks that have not been formally assessed, justified and declared to be Tolerable and As Low As Reasonably Practicable (ALARP).

5.6

Environmental Impact

Significant environmental impacts shall be reduced or minimised as far as is practicable in order to protect the environment.

5.7

Non-compliance Reporting

In circumstances where the ability of the Delegation Holder to achieve compliance with the requirements of ASEMS may have been compromised, Operating Centres, Project Teams or equivalents shall take immediate steps to correct the situation. Actions required could include improving the clarity of the authority, instructions or responsibilities provided, increasing resources or correcting deficiencies in practices or procedures. Where resolution of the problem lies outside the control of the Delegation Holder, the issue is to be referred through the line management chain. This requirement is to be applied to any further levels of delegation as necessary.

5.8

Referral Requirements

Where risks cannot be managed within an individual’s delegated responsibility, the risk shall be formally referred using the DE&S risk referral procedure.

6. Competence

It is necessary that those involved in safety and environmental protection are suitably qualified and experienced in order for them to perform their roles. These Clauses detail the way that competence is to be captured and assessed.

6.1

Roles and Responsibilities

Operating Centres, Project Teams or equivalents shall demonstrate that competence requirements have been established for all roles in accordance with the DE&S System Safety & Environmental Protection Role Profiles.

6.2

Suitably Qualified and Experienced Personnel

Operating Centres, Project Teams or equivalents shall ensure that those engaged in safety and environmental protection are suitably qualified and experienced to discharge their safety and environmental responsibilities.

6.3

Competence

The system safety and environmental competence of all staff in posts with system safety and environmental responsibilities shall be regularly assessed, monitored and recorded.